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1 edition of Major soil groups of New Guinea and their distribution found in the catalog.

Major soil groups of New Guinea and their distribution

Major soil groups of New Guinea and their distribution

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Published by Mauritskade 63] Koninklijk Instituut voor de Tropen in [Amsterdam .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Soil surveys -- Indonesia -- Irian Jaya,
  • Irian Jaya (Indonesia)

  • Edition Notes

    Statementby H.A. Haantjens [and others]
    SeriesCommunication of the Department of Agricultural Research, no. 55
    ContributionsHaantjens, H. A.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsS599.8 N45 M3
    The Physical Object
    Pagination87p.
    Number of Pages87
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL18173709M

    A typical configuration on mountain slopes would have Andosols at the higher end of the slope, Cambisols and Luvisols at mid-slope positions and Vertisols basic volcanic materials or Acrisols acidic materials near the foot of the slope. In mountain areas, Acrisols can be found on stable ridge tops, with Regosols and Cambisols on steeper and less stable slopes. It is the second most populous nation in Oceania. Similarly, soils with a spodic horizon starting within cm of the surface are Podzols.

    Sandy coastal plains and coastal dune areas are of smaller geographic extent. Nitisols are strongly weathered soils but far more productive than most other red tropical soils. Thus, it is noticed that the three populations other than the Balopa have not reached the point at which the cash economy plays a modifying role in carrying capacity. Arenosols of the Humid Tropics Arenosols in the humid tropics are either young soils in coarsely textured alluvial, lacustrine or aeolian deposits, or they are very old soils in residual acid rock weathering that lost all primary minerals other than coarse grained quartz in the course of an impressive pedogenetic history. The non-Melanesian portion of the population, including expatriates and immigrants, is small. The average organic matter content of the surface horizon is about 8 percent but the darkest profiles may contain as much as 30 percent organic matter.

    Where ash blankets are extensive, as in some rift valleys, they are usually more acidic. Re 1: The best-known divergent plate margin is the mid-oceanic ridge or rise. Poorly drained Vertisols are low in kaolinite and have less free ferric iron; their hues are less red and their chromas are weaker. Diagnostic horizon, property or material; see Annex 2 for full definition.


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Major soil groups of New Guinea and their distribution Download PDF Ebook

It is possible that Arenic units exist within these Reference Soil Groups but that they have not yet been sufficiently documented.

The largest eruption in comparatively recent times took place some 40, years ago and led to the formation of Lake Toba on Sumatra, Indonesia. They may have cracks that are not sufficiently wide, or slickensides or wedge-shaped aggregates only, or a vertic horizon underlying a coarser textured surface layer, or they may be clayey with a beginning vertic horizon that has not yet become sufficiently deep.

As land resources are essentially non-renewable, it is necessary to adopt a positive approach to sustainable management of these finite resources. They occur in humid sub- tropical and warm temperate regions, on parent materials that contain a substantial amount of unstable Al-bearing minerals.

Mainland Papua New Guinea reaches its maximum north-south expanse of some miles km along its western border with Indonesian Papua. The situation of the Huli is fairly contrary to that of the Balopa, who have begun cash cropping and whose land has not met with serious degradation.

The role of active iron may not be ignored but is generally considered of less importance than that of active aluminium. Stable or resistant lands do not necessarily resist change. King, D.

Demographics of Papua New Guinea

Oldeman et al. Pening de Vries, S. Nicole Wallace Drainage and soils Steeply sloping mountain areas, exceptionally heavy rainfallgeologic instability in all except the most southerly areas, and the rapid growth of both population and commercial enterprise have combined to create some of the highest soil- erosion rates in the world, rivaling those of the Himalaya region.

Hydrological characteristics Nitisols are free-draining soils and permeable to water percent pores. Young tropical Arenosols are morphologically not very different from those in temperate regions.

Department of Geography Occasional Paper No. The average organic matter content of the surface horizon is about 8 percent but the darkest profiles may contain as much as 30 percent organic matter.

Regional distribution of Andosols Andosols occur in volcanic regions all over the earth. The structure of the argic horizon is clearly more stable than that of the surface soil.

Languages of Papua New Guinea

In those lowland areas where drier conditions prevail, agriculture and the burning of vegetation to facilitate hunting have long sustained a grassland environment for example, in the Sepik and Markham river valleys. Arenosols AR The Reference Soil Group of the Arenosols consists of sandy soils, both soils developed in residual sands, in situ after weathering of old, usually quartz-rich soil material or rock, and soils Major soil groups of New Guinea and their distribution book in recently deposited sands as occur in deserts and beach lands.

Tavurvur, near the southern end of the exposed caldera rim, was one of the volcanoes to erupt explosively in In most Alisols, these reserves are low in Ca and K. Tilling is difficult because it is sticky when wet and hard when dry. Figure 1 Arenosols world-wide Regional distribution of Arenosols Arenosols are among the most extensive soils in the world, covering about million ha or 7 percent of the land surface.Major Soil Groups of the World: Ecology, Genesis, Properties and Classification - CRC Press Book This profusely illustrated book gives an exhaustive account of the principal types of soils of our planet.

The soils in Africa are classified based on their age, parent material, physiography and climatic conditions. Ferralsols. Ferralsol is mostly found in major portions of central Africa, Liberia, Sierra Leone and eastern parts of Madagascar.

Ferrasols are deeply weathered, graveled and acidic in nature and also have low nutrient supplying and. Additional Physical Format: Online version: Major soil groups of New Guinea and their distribution.

[Amsterdam, Mauritskade 63] Koninklijk Instituut voor de Tropen, [].basis for this general account, to pdf their distribution and frequency of occurrence, pdf to broadly indicate how they relate to the groups of the World Reference Base (IUSS Working Group WRB ).

The soil groups Fourteen soil groups have been created (Fey ) with the guiding principle being the identification of a.May 20,  · Could the Tasmanian tiger be hiding out in New Guinea?

New Guinea. The Tasmanian tiger, also known as the thylacine, once populated much of Tasmanian and mainland Australia—where it is also.Numerous volcanoes contribute to the landmass of the island of Ebook Britain, the largest in the Bismarck Archipelago of Papua New Guinea.

One of the most active of these volcanoes - Ulawun - is also the tallest, with a summit elevation of 2, m (7, ft).